Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT, Pérez-Arlucea, M.; Alejo, I.; Mendez, G. Nombela, M.A.

Pérez-Arlucea, M.; Alejo, I.; Mendez, G. Nombela, M.A.– Department of Marine Geosciences and Planning. University of Vigo , SPAIN

pp. 69-115   |  Article Number: 5
Published Online: June, 2018

Abstract

The 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change (AR5, IPCC, 2014) suggests that the increase of greenhouse gas emissions from anthropic sources, in the last decades (particularly since 1970), is responsible for the Climate Change. Climate Change has been producing adverse effects on the oceans and coastal areas, such as water acidification, sea surface warming, and sea level rise (SLR). Negative impacts on the coast are erosion, flooding during extreme events and terrain loss by immersion. The increased awareness on the negative consequences of Climate Change made clear that the States should enact effective environmental legislation binding the developed countries to reduce greenhouse emissions to prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. There are different levels of action, including international, national and regional, in which agreements have been signed in several Conferences. The most important international cooperation was the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (New York, 1992), which has been modified in later Conferences (Kioto, 1997, Nairobi, 2006, México, 2010; París, 2016).IPCC assessment reports suggest that adaptation and mitigation processes could reduce the hazards and adverse impacts significantly by decreasing exposition and increase the resilience of the affected States. Management decisions adopted today will transform all the XXI century, and consequently, is key to make the correct choices through scientific knowledge, evaluation of the options, supervision, and experience in an iterative process.


This scientific article was prepared as the basis for pedagogical material which is being developed by the EduCO2cean project team. The magazine articles are not intended for use as teaching material in their own right.

 

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