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Scientific dissemination articles

Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE AND OCEAN ACIDIFICATION, Broullón, D., Fontela, M., Padín, X.A. and Pérez., F.F

Broullón, D., Fontela, M., Padín, X.A. and Pérez., F.F – Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, CSIC, SPAIN pp. 49-66   |  Article Number: 4 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the greenhouse gas which ultimately causes ocean acidification. Oceans have approximately absorbed up to 30% of the released CO2 to the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution. The incessant increase in thintic Ocean stands out globally due to the high accumulation of anthropogenic CO2…

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Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT, Pérez-Arlucea, M.; Alejo, I.; Mendez, G. Nombela, M.A.

Pérez-Arlucea, M.; Alejo, I.; Mendez, G. Nombela, M.A.– Department of Marine Geosciences and Planning. University of Vigo , SPAIN pp. 69-115   |  Article Number: 5 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract The 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change (AR5, IPCC, 2014) suggests that the increase of greenhouse gas emissions from anthropic sources, in the last decades (particularly since 1970), is responsible for the Climate Change. Climate Change has been producing adverse…

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Scientific dissemination articles

GLOBAL CHANGE AND MARINE ECOSYSTEMS, E. Marañón, M. Lastra, C. Sobrino

E. Marañón, M. Lastra, C. Sobrino –  Departament of Ecology and Animal Biology, University of Vigo, SPAIN pp. 1-19   |  Article Number: 1 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract  Human activities are causing, among other impacts, the warming and the decrease of the pH of surface oceanic waters, as well as an increase in nutrient inputs to the coast zone. These processes of anthropogenic global change have the potential to induce biological responses in marine…

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Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION – MARINE RENEWABLE ENERGY, M. Davidson

M. Davidson– The Environmental Research Institute, University of the Highlands and Islands pp. 116-132  |  Article Number: 6 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract The chapter will focus on marine renewable energy, identified as wave and tidal energy. There chapter will be split between the two marine energy resources with a final section focussing on the role marine renewable energy has in climate change mitigation. The wave section of the chapter will explore how ocean…

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Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE – AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES, A. COram

CLIMATE CHANGE – AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES, A. Coram, UK pp. 47-66  |  Article Number: 3 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract This article considers the current and future effects of climate change on marine food production. Case studies relevant to the North Atlantic are used to highlight key topics, and bring broad-scale issues into focus with local or regional examples. The main oceanographic aspects of climate change (global temperature changes, changes in ocean composition/acidity and…

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Scientific dissemination articles

CLIMATE CHANGE AT DIFERENT TIME LEVELS, Francés, G., Mena, A. & Diz, P.

Francés, G., Mena, A. & Diz, P. – Marine Geoscience department and faculty of Marine Science, University of Vigo , SPAIN pp. 20-46   |  Article Number: 2 Published Online: June, 2018 Abstract Global climate is the result of a complex interaction of different variables of the climate system, made up by atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere and biosphere. These elements are suffering alterations through time that lead to many climate changes along history, and these…

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Scientific dissemination articles

CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE, K. G. Boyd

K. G. Boyd –  The Environmental Research Institute, North Highland College UHI, University of the Highlands and Islands, UK pp. 83-99|  Article Number: 7 Published Online: March, 2018 Abstract The unprecedented increase in the atmospheric concentration of CO2 can be attributed to the added carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere from human activity such as the burning of fossil fuels. One method for preventing carbon dioxide from human activity reaching the atmosphere is carbon capture…

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Climate-Related Changes in the Arctic Environment, T. Zieliński & M. Darecki & J. M. Węsławski

T. Zieliński & M. Darecki & J. M. Węsławski –  Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Science, POLAND pp. 116-130   |  Article Number: 9 Published Online: March, 2018 Abstract  It is an unquestionable fact that the Arctic climate is being transformed and as a result of these changes it is being warmed at a rate two to three times higher than the global average (IPCC, 2013). The evidence of climate change can be observed…

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The Role of Ocean Currents in Arctic Climate Change, W. Walczowski

Waldemar Walczowski –  Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Science, Spot, Poland pp. 131-149   |  Article Number: 10 Published Online: March, 2018 Abstract  Water very efficiently absorbs solar radiation. Therefore, the seas and oceans are huge reservoirs of heat. They gather heat in the summer, and transfer it to the atmosphere in the winter. But the seas and oceans are dynamic structures, water is in constant motion. The article describes how oceanic currents are…

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Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea – State and Effects, E. Andrulewicz

Eugeniusz Andrulewicz – National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Poland pp. 53-68 |  Article Number: 5 Published Online: March, 2018 Abstract This paper describes eutrophication in the Baltic Sea which is generally recognized as the most challenging environmental concern and a top priority for the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea. Eutrophication is described in relation to the Baltic Sea catchment area, historical developments, climate change, economic activities, and to the lifestyle of the Baltic nations. This…

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